An abstract is an outline/brief summary of your paper and your whole project. Abstracts must include sufficient information for reviewers to judge the nature and significance of the topic, the adequacy of the investigative strategy, the nature of the results, and the conclusions.
Basis format for abstract
- Abstract titles should be short (length no more than 12 words), but descriptive. Informative titles, indicating key points are encouraged. Abbreviations should not be used in the title.
- Keywords should be provided (between 5-10 words), written in lowercase letters (Not applicable to names/scientific names) and should be separated with commas.
- It should be one column of text with a maximum word limit 350 (minimum 250 words).
Acronyms should be written in full the first time, mentioned in the text, followed by the abbreviation in parentheses.
- Please do not include subheadings, bullets, lists and header/footer in the abstract.
- Always follow SI Units.
- Scientific names must be in Italic.
- There shall be no citations or references in the abstract specifically. If there is a need to cite references, please provide the sources in brackets.
Title: Times New Roman, 12 points, Upper case, centered text in bold
Body: Times New Roman, 11 points; Line spacing: 1, one column of text
Please double check that the names of author(s) and their affiliation(s) are correctly spelled and formatted, with appropriate capitalization and punctuation. Names and affiliations cannot be edited by the submitter once submitted, and will be published exactly as inputted.
Affiliations should be indicated with superscript Arabic numbers appearing at the end of surname/family name.