Moscow Planetarium Celebrates 90th Anniversary

Europe’s biggest planetarium has been using ZEISS technology since 1929

Jena/Germany, Moscow/Russia | 7 November 2019 | Planetariums

On 5 November, the planetarium in Moscow, which is equipped with ZEISS technology, celebrated its 90th anniversary. The celebrations in Russia’s oldest planetarium welcomed 350 guests from the worlds of business, politics and academia, as well as representatives from other Russian planetariums and the Russian Federal Space Agency itself. “We have a longstanding and very good relationship with the planetarium in Moscow. We are delighted that the approximately 3,000 visitors we welcome each day have helped the planetarium become one of the world’s most visited,” said Head of ZEISS Planetariums Martin Kraus during the celebrations.

Planetarium Moskau
With a dome diameter of 25 metres, the planetarium in Moscow is the largest in Europe.

90 years of ZEISS planetarium technology

Moscow’s planetarium began doing educational work on 5 November 1929, making it one of the first planetariums outside Germany to do so. Its dome diameter of 25 meters makes it Europe’s largest planetarium today. It has been using ZEISS technology ever since it opened its doors: its first projector, a Model II, was deployed from 1929 through 1977. It was then replaced with a specially developed planetarium model with an automatic control system that remained in operation until 1994. The planetarium closed in 1994, which delayed the planned renovation and modernization work for several years.

When it reopened in 2011, ZEISS gave the dome theater its third planetarium projector, a ZEISS UNIVERSARIUM. This opto-mechanical projector is capable of recreating the night sky much more clearly and brilliantly than a digital video system ever could. “We are pleased to be using this exceptional technology at our planetarium and recreating the night sky just as you would see it high up in the mountains,” says Faina Rubleva, Scientific Director of the Moscow Planetarium.

These days, the planetarium is one of the most cutting-edge astronomy education and research centers in the world, meaning it can support further planetariums in Russia. An area measuring 17,000 square meters accommodates interactive models, a Foucault pendulum, and a large collection of meteorites, as well as artifacts from over 50 years of space exploration. The idea is for the ZEISS planetarium technology to help kids and young people in particular to understand what happens in the night sky through this visual medium, and encourage them to ask questions about astronomy and space exploration.

Press Contact

Gudrun Vogel
Phone: +49 3641 64-2770
gudrun .vogel @zeiss .com


ZEISS is an internationally leading technology enterprise operating in the fields of optics and optoelectronics. In the previous fiscal year, the ZEISS Group generated annual revenue totaling more than 5.8 billion euros in its four segments Industrial Quality & Research, Medical Technology, Consumer Markets and Semiconductor Manufacturing Technology (status: 30 September 2018).

For its customers, ZEISS develops, produces and distributes highly innovative solutions for industrial metrology and quality assurance, microscopy solutions for the life sciences and materials research, and medical technology solutions for diagnostics and treatment in ophthalmology and microsurgery. The name ZEISS is also synonymous with the world's leading lithography optics, which are used by the chip industry to manufacture semiconductor components. There is global demand for trendsetting ZEISS brand products such as eyeglass lenses, camera lenses and binoculars.

With a portfolio aligned with future growth areas like digitalization, healthcare and Smart Production and a strong brand, ZEISS is shaping the future far beyond the optics and optoelectronics industries. The company's significant, sustainable investments in research and development lay the foundation for the success and continued expansion of ZEISS' technology and market leadership.

With approximately 30,000 employees, ZEISS is active globally in almost 50 countries with around 60 of its own sales and service companies, more than 30 production sites and around 25 development sites. Founded in 1846 in Jena, the company is headquartered in Oberkochen, Germany. The Carl Zeiss Foundation, one of the largest foundations in Germany committed to the promotion of science, is the sole owner of the holding company, Carl Zeiss AG.

Further information at

Press Contact

Gudrun Vogel
Phone: +49 3641 64-2770
gudrun .vogel @zeiss .com

Further Information
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Planetarium Moskau
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