100 years of ZEISS Planetariums

100 years of ZEISS Planetariums

Enabling journeys through space and time.

100 years of ZEISS Planetariums signet

ZEISS celebrates its anniversary

In 1923, ZEISS presented the world's first projection planetarium developed for the Deutsches Museum in Munich. The first public demonstration and hence the birth of the modern planetarium took place on this occasion. On 7 May 1925, the ZEISS Planetarium in the Deutsches Museum began regular operation.

Today, as modern high-tech domes, star theaters offer fascinating fulldome shows and are still a crowd puller after 100 years.

100 years of Planetarium signet

An anniversary packed with activities

The International Planetarium Society (IPS) and the Society of German-speaking Planetariums e. V. (GDP), with the support of the Carl Zeiss Foundation, will celebrate the anniversary together with planetariums around the world between 21 October 2023 and 7 May 2025. Numerous events and activities are being planned during this period.

The opening ceremony will take place at both the Deutsches Museum in Munich and the ZEISS Planetarium in Jena on 21 October 2023. Federal President, Frank-Walter Steinmeier, is the patron of the anniversary.

Planetariums in numbers

  • 1923

    21st October 1923 is considered the birth of the modern planetarium.

  • 4,000

    planetariums in almost every country in the world exist today.

  • 700

    planetarium systems have been equipped with ZEISS technology in the last 100 years.

ZEISS Planetarium Talks
ZEISS Planetarium Talks

ZEISS Planetarium Talks

Planetarium history

In 1913, Oskar von Miller, founder of the Deutsches Museum in Munich, had been looking for a way to make the movements of the sun, moon and planets visible at the same time as those of the stars and asked ZEISS about manufacturing a rotating star sphere. ZEISS' solution was to invent the projection planetarium.