Brilliant optics for research
High-performance beam guidance and beamforming
ZEISS has been equipping research institutes worldwide with precise synchrotron optics and X-ray gratings for over 30 years. For structural analysis and use in monochromators. For basic research in physics, biology and materials science. For a wealth of priceless information. For researchers every day.
Mirrors and gratings of the highest optical quality
Synchrotron optics and X-ray gratings from ZEISS SMT
Mirror in up to approx. 1,500 x 200 x 100 mm²
Slope error <50 nrad on plane mirrors up to approx. 200 mm in length
Roughness below 0.15 nm RMS on plane mirrors up to 700 mm in length
Synchrotron radiation in research
Synchrotron radiation is a powerful tool for basic research and applied sciences. The increasing interest in this area is reflected not least in the increasing number of large synchrotron radiation laboratories worldwide. New generations of synchrotron radiation sources with higher energy density, such as free-electron lasers (FEL), open up new possibilities.
What is “Synchrotron Radiation”?
It is an electromagnetic radiation used in technology and science for the study of the structure of various materials. The advantage over other methods is that synchrotron radiation can generate a particularly high intensity light (brilliance) – i.e. an optimal bundling of the electromagnetic beam. ZEISS SMT makes a decisive contribution to this with its synchrotron and Kirckpatrick Baez optics.
Particle and ring accelerators
Synchrotron is a term used to describe certain types of particle accelerators. In them, a magnetic field (for routing the particles) and an electric field (for acceleration) are exactly synchronized with the moving particle bundles. They are classified as ring accelerators. In them, elementary particles, ions or molecules are accelerated to very high speeds close to the speed of light.
Brilliant research thanks to ZEISS
Mirrors and gratings for synchrotrons
Your reliable partner
ZEISS Semiconductor Manufacturing Technology (SMT) is your reliable partner for the production of X-ray optics for use in synchrotrons and free-electron lasers (FEL). We produce optical components and modules of the highest quality for synchrotron radiation and other X-ray applications, as well as gratings for use in X-ray light.
The spectrum is extremely broad and ranges from basic geometries (planar, spherical, cylindrical, toroidal) to conical sections (parabolic and elliptical), combined surface geometries and free-form surfaces. Emitters with higher brilliance and beam power place increasingly higher demands on beamline optics.
The right material
The mirror substrate determines the specific properties of the optics. Good optical machinability, long-term stability, high heat resistance and compatibility in ultra-high vacuum (UHV) are crucial. Due to its high thermal conductivity, low degradation and good availability, ZEISS SMT mainly manufactures optics from monocrystalline silicon. Glass or ceramic are also possible.
Perfect polishing is a basic requirement for producing mirrors and grating substrates of the very highest quality that direct and focus radiation. On mirrors for synchrotron optics, ZEISS SMT achieves shape accuracies of less than 100 nrad (RMS) for strongly deformed aspherical components and surface qualities of less than 50 nrad (RMS) for plane mirrors.
Measured with ultra-precision
ZEISS SMT offers all common measurement methods for the analysis and qualification of optical systems: Interferometry, 3D profilometry (CMM), microinterferometry and AFM analysis. They can be used flexibly according to customer requirements.
Finished with a coating
Synergies between the various ZEISS coating laboratories and their experience enable a wide range of coatings. Standards include all metal coatings such as gold (Au), platinum (Pt), rhodium (Rh), ruthenium (Ru), chromium (Cr), nickel (Ni), as well as organic coatings of carbon (C), boron carbide (B4C) or silicon carbide (SiC).